A Grid Story: Integrating 100% How green energy will change 2 days ago   1:40:17

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Colorado Renewable Energy Society (CRES)
The Colorado Renewable Energy Society presents a panel of experts on ways to evolve our grid to accommodate 100% renewable energy on both a distribution level and the transmission level. Our panelists include Gregory Martin of NREL, Dan Zimmerle of the CSU Energy Institute, and Pat Connors of Platte River Power Authority. CRES Board Co-chair Peter Eberle asks questions on the roles that storage, demand side management, DERMS, microgrids, electric vehicles, regional energy markets, and other grid management technologies will play in creating a reliable and clean electric grid.

Recorded March 26th, 2019 at CSU’s Powerhouse Energy Campus in Fort Collins, Colorado.
For info on upcoming CRES events at one of our five Colorado chapters see CRES-ENERGY.org.

Panelists:

Daniel Zimmerle is a Senior Research Associate in the Energy Institute at Colorado State University (CSU). Zimmerle was a principal investigator on three major studies of methane emissions in the natural gas supply chain, and for METEC, the ARPA-E MONITOR test facility at CSU and leads the CSU METEC test facility for the ARPA-E MONITOR program. Prior to CSU, he served as the Chief Operating Officer at Spirae, Inc. and worked 20 years at Hewlett Packard and Agilent Technologies. He holds a BSME and MSME from North Dakota State University.

Greg Martin is Engineering Group manager for a team of 12 at the Energy Systems Integration Facility, National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. He has been at NREL working in microgrids, hydrogen systems and grid technology integration since 2008. Greg got his Master of Science in electrical engineering from the University of Colorado – Boulder in 2007 after working for Boeing Commercial Airplanes in Everett, WA for 3 years. His Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering was received from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
The views expressed are his own, not of NREL.

Pat Connors has an Electrical Engineering degree from the University of Wisconsin – Madison and MBA from University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee and is a Professional Engineer in the State of Wisconsin. Pat worked 6 years for Wisconsin Electric Power Company in Milwaukee as a Transmission Planner and Substation/Distribution Planner. Pat also had held various positions at WPPI Energy. Pat is currently overseeing Resource Planning, Operations and Customer Service for Platte River Power Authority.

Recorded and edited by Martin Voelker, CRES board member.
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Lenr Man
Oops, there was a typo in my last comment.
The section on TAAS should read as follows:
Rather than China following the example of mass individual car ownership with perpetual consumer indebtedness to auto loans and the consequent massive environmental hit, it has embraced TAAS.
Transport As A Service.
The best description of the TAAS revolution coming our way was given here in Boulder last year
by Tony Seba of Stanford University.
https://ufl.ae/videow/tkMVdkaVZxG
TAAS requires 5G hence the massive drive to roll out 5G coverage across the country.
Lenr Man
Nolan, lets look at the situation with nuclear today.
Remember Obama's 2010 state of the union where he got a standing ovation from both sides of the house when he said he was going to resume nuclear power production.
9 years later how are we doing?

The US has 2 new Nuclear power plant builds now underway, one in Georgia and one South Carolina.
The thing is, they are both riddled with scandal, vast cost overruns and incompetence.

The Vogtle power plant in Georgia is way behind schedule over budget and wracked by lawsuits.
Along with cost issues, there seems a serious problem with skills shortages with long delays acquiring skilled workers from abroad.
It may never be completed.
https://www.ajc.com/business/plant-vogtle-georgia-nuclear-renaissance-now-financial-quagmire/5l16IFMFICknSCeI7RXG6J/

The South Carolina Gas and Electric and Santee Cooper plant is a total fiasco and will likely be abandoned after $9 billion has been squandered on it.
https://www.governing.com/topics/transportation-infrastructure/gov-south-carolina-nuclear-reactors.html

Misguided politics are shutting existing nuclear plants.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2019/01/16/u-s-co2-emissions-rise-as-nuclear-power-plants-close/#140b23097034

And the legacy of poor quality waste management still hangs over the country.
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/05/the-60-year-downfall-of-nuclear-power-in-the-us-has-left-a-huge-mess/560945/

The main nuclear player (Westinghouse) has gone bust.
The installation of a former oil and mining industry lobbyist as secretary of the interior will not help nuclear.

Meanwhile, elsewhere on the planet.
China:
20 Uranium nuclear plants under construction in 2019 and according to MIT they have construction time down to 60 months.
2 new Thorium nuclear fission plants due to come online next year.
https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2018/08/china-has-multi-billion-projects-developing-liquid-and-solid-fuel-molten-salt-reactors.html
https://www.heise.de/tp/features/China-baut-Thoriumreaktor-in-Gansu-4012683.html

Thorium in very plentiful on Earth and is easy to extract.
One tonne of Thorium delivers the same amount of energy as 250 tonnes of Uranium.
There is estimated to be enough Thorium on the planet to last 10,000 years.
Thorium LFTRs (Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor) run at normal atmospheric pressure instead of 150 to 160 times atmospheric pressure currently needed for Uranium water cooled reactors.
Thorium is much less radioactive than Uranium.
The downsides to Thorium:
1. It produces no fissile material for nuclear bombs. (Nixon killed the Thorium project in 1971).
2. There isn't yet a large scale Thorium plant in production to demonstrate it as a proven alternative to filthy scarce Uranium.

Europe has the SAMOFAR Thorium project.
http://samofar.eu/

Westinghouse was working on Thorium before they went bust.

Nuclear fusion power.
The most advanced fusion reactor on the planet today is China's EAST project.
(Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak).
Not content with that, it's next fusion project (CFETR) has already been approved.
http://world-nuclear-news.org/Articles/China-plans-fusion-power-research

Helium3 as fusion fuel.
Helium3 is an isotope found in the solar wind and is a possible fuel in fusion reactors.
Because the Earth's magnetic field deflects it, there is none on Earth, so we would have to collect it from the moon or asteroids.
China's Chang'e 4 lunar mission landed a lunar rover on the surface of the moon (on the far side) on Jan 3 this year.
https://www.space.com/china-chang-e-4-moon-lander-rover-4th-lunar-day.html

Its main aim is to measure the chemical compositions of lunar rocks and soils.
The next lander will bring soil samples back to earth.
Japan's Hayabusa2' spacecraft has landed on asteroid Ryugu to bring back samples to Earth.
https://www.space.com/hayabusa2-asteroid-landing-photo.html

Aside from nuclear power, is China doing anything else.
By 2016 China was adding 2 new windmills and 1 football field size of solar panels per hour.
That continues. (China has 9 deserts).
5 years ago windmills were half a megawatt each.
Today there are 7MW windmills in production and next year should see a 15MW windmill.
On transport:
China has built the biggest high speed rail network in the world.
There are severe penalties for driving fossil fuel cars.
A plate for an ICE car in Shanghai for example costs about $14,000.
https://www.economist.com/china/2018/04/19/why-a-licence-plate-costs-more-than-a-car-in-shanghai

In 2018, half of EV sales in the world were in one country - China.
https://qz.com/1552991/china-buys-one-out-of-every-two-electric-vehicles-sold-globally/

Rather than aspiring for China not to follow the example of mass individual car ownership with perpetual indebetedness to auto loans and massive encironmentalit has embraces TAAS.
Transport As A Service.
The best description of the TAAS revolution coming our way was given here in Boulder this time last year.
https://ufl.ae/videow/tkMVdkaVZxG

No one is doing more than China to develop pollution free energy.
Before you bring up pollution, China's per capita carbon footprint is less than half that of the USA.
China - 6.57tonnes, USA - 14.95tonnes.
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/chart-of-the-day-these-countries-have-the-largest-carbon-footprints/
Nolan
Sounds like it would likely be much simpler to just go full Nuclear and use a combination of synthetic fuels and electric for our vehicles.
Dave Dugdale
Great content, keep it coming.
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How green energy will change A Grid Story: Integrating 100% 2 days ago   44:52

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How will green energy change our future? What will our future look like with green energy? The growth of green energy goes together with change. Our future will not only include green energy, but our future will also be shaped by it.

What will the future sustainable world look like? That is the big question, now that the global transition towards sustainable energy is gaining momentum. For the growth of sustainable energy involves a lot more changes than just the color of the power supplied to our homes. How will we build, how will our mobility be impacted, and will energy, one day, be free? Just like the Internet turned out to have an unforeseen influence on all kinds of industries, from music to taxi businesses, the transition towards sustainable energy will also rise beyond the energy sector. And with a much wider impact than is now assumed. But we know surprisingly little about what that world will look like, and how the people in it will live, work and move around. Expectations are that, by the 2050s, two-thirds of the electricity generated globally will be sustainable.

The Netherlands is ambitious too. But what kind of world are we heading for, really, with all these sustainable measures? In partial areas, the future is clear: a massive stop to the use of gas, lots of windmills and solar panels, and perhaps a self-driving car outside. But, for now, there is no wider vision of what the sustainable new world will look like. What will the world be like once energy has become practically free? What will the impact of the transition towards sustainable energy be on the balance of power in the world?

A journey along places where the sustainable future is already (nearly) visible. In China, for example, old collapsed coal mines are given a new destination as solar parks. In Denmark, the power plants of the future also serve as skiing slopes. And in Malmö, Sweden, new leases are signed with green fingers.

Original title: Voorbij de groene horizon

With: Bjarke Ingels (architect, BIG Copenhagen), Peggy Liu (green pioneer JUCCCE Shanghai) and Varun Sivaram (author 'Taming the Sun' and expert clean energy technology Council on Foreign Relations in Washington DC).
Originally broadcasted by VPRO in 2018.
© VPRO Backlight October 2018

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