The ingredients of a classic house track Why disco made pop songs longer 2 days ago   12:54

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With a disco sample and drum machine house music took over the globe .

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House has become one of the most popular forms of electronic music since its inception in the late 80’s.

It began in Chicago, when local DJ’s and music producers experimented with remixing disco vocals over hard hitting drum machines. They would soon play a huge role in popularizing the sound and distinguishing house music as a global music genre.

Chicago gospel singer, Loleatta Halloway, is one of the most widely sampled artists in house music history. Her song “Love Sensation” has been sampled nearly 300 times, including on Black Box’s “Ride on Time”, the notorious hit that became the best selling single in the U.K in 1989.

Special thanks to James Wiltshire and Torsten Schmidt for offering their expertise in this video. Links to them are below:
James Wiltshire: https://ufl.ae/videow/qIVGYbdR_1a

Torsten Schmidt: https://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/author/torsten-schmidt

There are countless histories on house music across the internet, the ones listed below proved tremendously helpful in putting this video together.

Red Bull Music Academy, TR-909 and House music https://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/2016/09/instrumental-instruments-909

Time to Jack: Chip E on the Birth of Chicago House
https://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/2019/01/chip-e-interview

Frankie Knuckles on the Birth of House Music | Red Bull Music Academy
https://ufl.ae/videow/EC0vwq9XtYU

The Chicago Record Store That Popularized House
https://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/2016/11/importes-etc-feature

When Techno Was House
https://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/2017/08/chicago-house-detroit-techno-feature

Collection of WBMX radio show playlists
https://www.gridface.com/

How Loleatta Holloway Became Disco’s Most Sampled Artist https://www.electronicbeats.net/how-loleatta-holloway-became-discos-most-sampled-artist/

I was there when house music took over the world
https://ufl.ae/videow/9Hqx1V1pg1a

Note: The headline for this video has been updated since publishing.
Previous headline: How Chicago built house music from the ashes of disco

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Some songs don't just stick in your head, they change the music world forever. Join Estelle Caswell on a musical journey to discover the stories behind your favorite songs.

And be sure to check out Earworm's complete first season here: http://bit.ly/2QCwhMH

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Comments 1829 Comments

Vox
The House music episode is here! There are so many fantastic resources on the internet for deep dives on the history of House. Top among them are the oral histories that Red Bull Music Academy has collected over the years. Links to those are in the description! Thanks for watching, and be sure to check out the Video Lab if you want to help me make more Earworm vids: http://bit.ly/vox-video-membership

— Estelle
Phenix Lopez
You did not mention anything about New York house music during the 1980s there's a lot that you're missing about house please do an episode on that
Shawn Wavy
I’ve been telling white ppl that black ppl made house music for YEARS now y’al gonna act surprised or like it don’t matter
rodney cALDWELL
Did you forget about crash goes love and dr love
TM
As someone that doesn't know much about music but loves music. Im glad vox made videos about them
Compliment Thief
This has really made me fancy some 80’s staples the custard cream biscuit!
flareandghost 1
Interesting that you have a white guy explain it, instead of the people involved in starting the music
Daniel Grand
i’ve watched the Dilla Vox video and now this Chicago house one. I feel like all of my musical memories have been gentrified and repurposed.
Reyhan Maulana
Please do Earworm about aphex twin
Destha 83
Although it's easy to find any sound of drum machines today, still wish i could find that TR 909 console
Spastmatiker
7:40 *plays song that has only an 808 and not a 909 in it. ok then...
Harold Ajagu
Such quality content....all for free. Vox, thanks.
UnkleRiceYo
You're from Red Bull right? Hold this can
KY LaPimp
4 on the floor. A piano. Percussion and a strings or guitar
Mind Flux
dope video
Mr CH11LER
Manchester isn't there.... that's Liverpool
Kent Widman
DOCTORS CAT - FEEL THE DRIVE at 11:02
Sofia-Rose Gionomo
The entire video I was like this is so much like euro man then they were like italio and I was like ohhhh, that's why all of this is so familiar, I grew up listening to this
Matthew Bernal
anyone noticed how the disco 'demolition' was mostly white and the people keeping it alive are pocs
arturocas90
Of course I’m now jumping to listen Ride On Time.

Love early 90’s House, even the mainstream that got huge like Crystal Waters, Technotronic...love that piano!
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Why disco made pop songs longer The ingredients of a classic house track 2 days ago   09:52

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Disco, DJs, and the impact of the 12-inch single.

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In the early 1970s, a musical sensation took over New York City. It was called Disco. Before Disco became synonymous with Saturday Night Fever, Rod Stewart, and celebrity-fueled parties, it was an underground movement powered by the innovations of young DJs challenging themselves and each other to throw the city’s most adventurous dance parties.

By 1973, their influence as musical taste makers became apparent, and a handful of unconventional dance tracks became pop crossover hits. With barely any radio airplay, songs like "Love Theme" and "Girl You Need a Change of Mind" became defining tracks of the disco era.

These songs were repetitive, hypnotic, and funky, and they were also pretty long compared to other pop hits. That presented a problem for DJs using 7-inch 45rpm singles, which fit only 3:30 minutes of quality audio on them, during their night-long sets. They needed a vinyl record that could make their most popular tracks sound powerful on a dance floor and last the whole night.

In 1976, an accidental studio discovery by Disco pioneer Tom Moulton provided the solution: A 12-inch single. By stretching one song across 12 inches of vinyl, a format typically reserved for full-length albums, those extended dance tracks had room to breath.

By the 1980s, the 12-inch single dominated pop music. It not only changed the sound of records, it allowed for music producers to experiment with length and structure.

SOURCES:

While I dug through hundreds of pages of billboard charts and oral histories of the disco era to research and write this piece a few select sources proved incredibly helpful and they are linked below. I highly recommend checking them out if you want to learn more about this story.

Books:
Last Night a DJ Saved My Life by Bill Brewster

Love Saves the Day: A History of American Dance Music Culture, 1970–1979
by Tim Lawrence

Articles:
Mix Mag’s collection of stories on Disco and I Feel Love
https://mixmag.net/feature/the-master-patrick-cowley-created-the-definitive-i-feel-love-remix

Red Bull Music Academy’s Disco story archive:
https://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/disco-collection

Note: The headline for this video has been updated since publishing.
Previous headline: The disco invention that changed pop music

Follow Vox Earworm on Facebook for more: http://www.facebook.com/VoxEarworm

And be sure to check out Earworm's complete first season here: http://bit.ly/2QCwhMH

Some songs don't just stick in your head, they change the music world forever. Join Estelle Caswell on a musical journey to discover the stories behind your favorite songs.

Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com.

Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE
Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o
Or Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H

This video is sponsored by Dashlane.

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