The royal weddings that shaped How the Saudis ended up with so many 2 days ago   06:41

To Queen Victoria, marriages were about strategic alliances.

Correction: At 5:38, the map of post-war Germany is missing eastern Prussia. The borders of Austria-Hungary should also include portions of northern Serbia and southern Poland.

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This video was produced in collaboration between Vox and BBCThree.

Over the course of her 63-year reign, Queen Victoria strategically planned marriages to place her descendants in royal families all over Europe. In doing so, she created one of the most remarkable royal families in history.

By the early 19th century, Europe had been at war for decades. After the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars killed millions, European leaders came together to restore peace by reshaping major states for a new balance of power. Great Britain went on to become one of the strongest states. And years later, Queen Victoria and her husband Albert came up with a plan to maintain that political power — they married their children to monarchs across Europe. By the 1880s Queen Victoria’s children were in several important branches of Europe’s monarchies.

The royal unions didn't play out as Queen Victoria planned, but she continued to make more matches anyway. She had 42 grandchildren, and these 7 ended up on royal thrones. Her grandchildren would end up on the thrones of Britain, Russia, Germany, Romania, Norway, and Spain leading up to the most destructive war Europe had ever seen.

To truly understand the international conflicts and trends shaping our world you need a big-picture view. Video journalist Sam Ellis uses maps to tell these stories and chart their effects on foreign policy. is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out

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Comments 1845 Comments

This is the second of three videos we're doing in collaboration with BBC Three, all about royal weddings! Watch the first one, that breaks down all the basics, here:
Aquitaine Mapping
I swear the austria hungary map made me want to throw up, not very pogchampion
Rohit Nirmal
Background music at 4:08?
Doi 3321
Woisri Namchoom
Big Mom
That's what I always try to do in Crusader Kings 2, it always ends like in 1917 Russia
my_shoes_are_ purple
Family dinners must’ve been....*fun*
hernan canaveral
Family = luminary’s
Untied Shoes
Thotting your way into a dynasty
Amanda Stevens
I thought Czar Nicholas abdicated before his assassination?
Rasmus Nordgaard
Great video. Suggestion to make one about King Christian the 9th of Denmark. Europe's father in law
ww1 is the worlds biggest family feud
Andrés Felipe OD
when i heard words like royal wedding and european history, I think first in wedding betwen Isabel from Castilla & Fernando from Aragon. They not only make the state of Spain as we knows, But paying the discovery and Conquer of America they put the basis for the Dutch people to start the modern capitalism that rules until today. To not mention, that this royal wedding in the middle ages, resulting in 600 million people in LATAM who speak spanish as native language, and are related to Catholic Church.
Jose Castro
Typical family competition
Parts About Weddings (40 seconds), Parts about political/strategic marriages and the Victorian family tree (6 minutes)
Csaba Keresztes
"Queen Victoria was basically an old school off line Tinder platform.."
Gabb Malabor
Gaylo 6000
So WW1 was just a big family feud?
Lillian Lin
She is also a biggest drug dealer in the world.
Mahmoud jamal Mahmoud
History shows that the European Union is the only solution to peace in Europe on the world.
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How the Saudis ended up with so many The royal weddings that shaped 2 days ago   10:15

And why they want more.

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Saudi Arabia and the US have a partnership that's been in the making for over seven decades. It started after World War II and survived the Iranian Revolution, the Cold War, the Gulf War, September 11, and the proliferation of conflicts across the Middle East. This whole time, the US has been selling weapons to Saudi Arabia -- now its number one customer. Saudis bought bombs, tanks, guns, and planes over the years to defend themselves from various threats. The US supplied those weapons because the Saudi’s threats have usually been a threat to the US as well.

Today, there's a shift in the relationship. Saudi Arabia’s intervention in Yemen has created the worst humanitarian disaster in the world - and thrown the Middle East into chaos. The problem is, the Saudis are using US bombs to do it.

US-Saudi arms agreements data: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and the Defense Security Cooperation Agency
Arab-Israeli arms race: Congressional Research Service and the Washington Institute for Near East Policy
US-Saudi arms policy: Center for International Policy and the Brookings Institute
Yemen airstrikes: Human Rights Watch
Dahyan, Yemen, school bus bombing: Bellingcat

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